Any complex of yoga therapy is based on yoga therapy methods, on logic and common sense, on practical experience of working with patients, as well as on the experience of fellow yoga therapists; on scientific, clinical and experimental researches.
The first requirement of yoga-therapeutic practice is SAFETY. Unfortunately, sometimes one has to see how the practice of yoga, instead of improving a person's condition, on the contrary, aggravates and multiplies his health problems. If a person began to practice yoga and as a result of his studies he did not find himself in worse condition - one can already assume that success is partially achieved. To do this, the algorithm of practice should exclude techniques that will adversely affect the course of the disease. For example, with posterior intervertebral hernias, forward bends with a high degree of probability will cause extrusion of the pulpous nucleus posteriorly and increase the degree of hernial protrusion with all the ensuing consequences. Therefore, in case of lumbar hernias, the inclinations to the forward legs (pachchimotanasana, uttanasana and the like) are excluded, cantha-bandh and asanas, in which the latter is performed, is eliminated in the hernia of the cervical region. Thus, the whole practice and each of its elements should be analyzed for potential danger and, if necessary, excluded from the algorithm of training.
The second requirement of yoga-therapeutic practice is EFFICIENCY. For this purpose, elements that provide a specific therapeutic influence, that is necessary in this case, should be included into the study schedule. For example, abdominal manipulation (uddiyana-bandha and nauli), being powerful vacuum techniques, positively influence the processes of venous outflow and therefore will be useful in varicose veins. Thus, after cutting off potentially dangerous techniques, we must include something that will have a direct therapeutic focus.
The third requirement of yoga-therapeutic practice is ACCESIBILITY. Very often a person starts his yoga practice with yoga therapy. Someone, having solved problems with health, deepens into practice and moves in yoga further; someone remains at the achieved level and uses yoga solely to maintain health. For this, the practice should be simple and easily reproducible. (Based on the materials of my teacher, Doctor and Yogatherapist at the St. Petersburg Institute of Oriental Methods of Rehabilitation A. Frolov)
Yoga therapy of the musculoskeletal system ("Healthy and beautiful spine"
That includes the development of muscles, joints, ligaments of the whole body, and vertebrae of the skeleton of our physiological system, which allows to normalize the blood supply of all parts of the spine, including such problems as lumbar and cervical (sedentary work, driving, post traumatic condition, hernia , protrusions, osteochondrosis, scoliosis, inactivity). When we perform the vyayamas on the hands, legs, neck, shoulders and individual segments of the spine, the entire vertebral column is activated, the brain activity is improved, and the productive inclusion of all internal organs is at work.
We will perform exercises that are often used for working out the pear-shaped muscle and weakening the sciatic nerve.
With poor posture, the heart, lungs and diaphragm suffer, which in turn affects the function of breathing. In addition, tension accumulates in the neck, and this affects the blood supply to the brain. Yoga therapy of the musculoskeletal system solves all of the above problems systematically and consistently. The main thing in practice is the regularity of the proposed complex of asanas, vyayamas, mudras and bandhs.
Yoga therapy of the respiratory system
This technique includes:
- Training of the respiratory muscles (a series of exercises aimed at working with the diaphragm, abdominal muscles, chest and neck)
- Increased ventilation and blood flow in the lungs, prevention of acute respiratory infections, ARI
- Massage and strengthening of blood circulation of internal organs. Active abdominal breathing massages the internal organs and activates the outflow of venous blood and lymph, improving nutrition, immune processes and elimination of toxins
- Influence on vegetative and central nervous system. Exercises with rapid breathing activate the sympathetic nervous system and exert a tonic and stimulating effect. Technics with rare breathing, on the contrary, stimulate parasympathetic system,which evokes calmness and relaxation
- Influence on the cardiovascular system. Slowing down the breathing dilates blood vessels, lowers arterial pressure and trains the heart, quickening of the breath, on the contrary, narrows the blood vessels and raises blood pressure
- Changes in gas composition of blood. Slowing down the breathing causes a decrease in the amount of oxygen and an increase in carbon dioxide in the blood. This increases the adaptive resource of the body and stress resistance.
Yoga therapy of the reproductive system
Regular execution of inverted asanas significantly relieves the venous bed of the pelvic region, especially the combination of inverted positions with twisting elements (parshva-sarvangasana, parshva-halasana).
Inverted asanas also have a stimulating effect on liver function, increasing hepatic blood flow (halasana mostly). In the liver, a significant proportion of the transformation and exchange of steroid sex hormones occurs. When performing inverted asanas, the pelvic organs temporarily return to their normal position, their arterial and venous circulation normalizes, and the load is removed from the overstretched ligamentous apparatus.
Through performing abdominal manipulations - agnisara-dhauti, uddiyana-bandhi, nauli, we massage the organs of the abdominal cavity and pelvic organs, stimulate capillary circulation and nerve endings in this area.
Baddha konasana and its variations have a beneficial effect on the areas involving the perineum and hip joints, their ligamentous tendon apparatus - gomukhasana, virasan, triconasana, ardha-candrasana, etc. We will evoke these effects on the hip joints according to the principles of mutual compensation, working with hip, its external and internal rotation.
Ashvini-mudra and mula-bandha:
If there are problems, both in the female sexual sphere and in the male - techniques with the perineal muscles activation must be include for several reasons.
Firstly, the practice of ashvini-mudra and mula-bandhi has an effect similar to baddha-konasana, with the difference that the method of influencing proprioceptive sensitivity is somewhat different-not stretching but contraction of muscles and stimulation of numerous nerve endings located in their thickness.
The mula-bandha variant with involving of all the muscles of the pelvic floor helps to improve the circulation of the pelvic organs and normalize their position; a variant with isolated contractions of various sites of the pelvic floor allows to realize reflex effects, normalizing the work of the genitourinary sphere. (Based on the materials of my teacher, Doctor and Yogatherapist of the St. Petersburg Institute of Oriental Methods of Rehabilitation A. Frolov).
All three blocks are suitable for people taking the first steps in yoga, during the lesson we get acquainted with the basics of the practice of basic asanas, proper breathing and concentration, as well as for people who started to practice after and even during prolonged traumatism.